Ragam Pemaknaan Jihad dalam Kitab Fatḥ al-Bârî dan Irshâd al-Sârî

  • Moh. Nailul Muna UIN SUNAN KALIJAGA
Keywords: Jihad, Fatḥ al-Bârî, Irshâd al-Sârî, socio-historical side


This paper aims to provide new meanings on jihad in the Ḣadîth. From many explanations of jihad, it is rarely found the study of jihad in the perspective of explanatory books of Ḣadîth (sharḥ), which is actually the interpretation of the main Hadith books. This study employs the books of sharḥ in comparative framework, that is to compare the meanings of jihad presented in the book of Fatḥ al-Barî and Irshâd al-Sârî, which are considered as the most representative book to explain S{aḥîḥ al-Bukhârî. Based on reading those two books, it was found that jihad is not similar with war, and also does not only mean to fight unbelievers. Besides, it also means to fight against demons and lust in every single Muslim soul. The last meaning argues the incompatibility understanding of jihad as a war, as it is common in social perception. By tracking the socio-historical side, it is explained in both books that the law of jihad are farḍ ‘ayn or farḍ kifâyah, which is based on the contextual situation.


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